18 Apr

Department of Pathology

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Department of Pathology

Pathology is a bridging discipline involving both basic science and clinical practice and is devoted to the study of the structural and functional changes in cells, tissues and organs in diseases. Department of Pathology offers training to the medical cadets of 4th year of MBBS course. The medical cadets of 5th year MBBS course will also be involved in the clinico pathological conferences for continued learning of the subject. The main objective of the department is to acquaint the medical students with etiology and pathology of the diseases, and to enable them to formulate and interpret laboratory investigations and to stimulate a scientific procedure of Thinking on the pathogenesis of diseases. Total allocation of teaching hours for the subject is 228 hours, out of which 100 hours are for theoretical lectures and 128 hours for tutorial/practical classes.


Departmental Objectives:

After completion of pathology course, undergraduate medical students will be able to:

  • Explain basic mechanism of diseases: Etiology, pathogenesis, and morphological changes with emphasis on common diseases prevalent in Bangladesh.
  • Co-relate between clinical findings and pathological changes.
  • Chalk out a simple investigation plan for diagnosis and follow-up of diseases.
  • Interpret laboratory results and understand their implication.
  • Demonstrate knowledge about the use of Histopathology, FNAC, Cytological examination, Pap smear, frozen section and Immuno-histochemistry
  • Develop attitude for further learning of the subject.
  • Develop skills to perform
  • TC, DC, Eosinophil count, estimation of Hb% and ESR, Platelet count.
  • Semen analysis
  • Routine examination of Urine
  • Microscopic examination of body fluids
  • CSF examination
  • Preparation of preservative and fixative- 95% Alcohol, 10% Formalin.
  • Writing a requisition form for histo-pathological and cytological examination


Competencies to acquire:

1. Writing a histo-pathological requisition form

2. Preservation of surgical specimens in Upazila health complexes and district hospitals and preparation of fixative for surgical specimens in 10% formalin

3. Sending of surgical specimens from Upazila health complexes and district hospitals to nearby medical college and larger hospitals where histopathology service is available

4. Collection of Paps’ smear/ FNAC from superficial mass lesions

5. Preservation of cyto-pathological smears

 6. Sending of cytopathology specimens from Upazila health complexes and district hospitals to nearby medical college and larger hospitals where histopathology and cytopathology service is available

7. Preservation of surgical specimens for immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence

8. Writing a requisition form for immunohistochemistry or immunofluorescence examination

9. Determination of Hb%, ESR, TC & DC of WBC, total count of eosinophil, BT and CT, Platelet count. Preparation of stain and comment on PBF.

10. Performing routine urinary examination at health complexes

11. Handling and maintenance of Microscope

12. Performing semen analysis 

13. Performing microscopic examination of fluid-CSF

14. Interpretation of pathology reports and data

15. Writing advice for pathological investigations